∂ Topological Landscapes - The letter ∂(curly d) is mainly used as a mathematical symbol to denote boundary in general topology.

Rife Instruments 2011 - 2015

The work titled ∂ Topological Landscapes consists of three projects regarding the research on Royal Raymond Rife's instruments. This site is trying to capture the work through fragmented archival materials; a description of a 3D printed sculpture under the page: Prismatic Compound Microscope; visual materials about the reproduction process of a freqiency device under the page: On reproduction; and other digital media-based works including a 3D animation and a sound performance.



The Inventor

Royal Raymond Rife was an inventor of an alternative treatment method that used high frequency radio waves to kill virus and bacteria in the human body. During the development of the treatment which was conducted in San Diego between 1929 and 1938 he designed compound microscopes with very high magnification in order to observe bacteria and viruses in the living environment. Due to a series of court cases and accusations against Rife, after the experimental phase, the designs were never further developed.

The Instrument

“Visualize a metal cabinet, somewhat larger than a radio, with a nickel plated arm projecting from the top. At the end of the nickel arm is a very scientific looking large glass bulb. When certain dials are turned a film of violet flame, or light, plays over the filament, after the manner of the gas in a neon tube. Hold your palm against the flow of light and you can feel a gentle tingling sensation.”

⦁ from an online archive of clippings on the scientist Royal Rife (“Great Interest Is Shown in New Rife Ray,” Lemon Grove, California, Sept 23, 1938)


Migration (Mine and that of the Instrument)

On the 3th of December in 2013, I went to visit the Blythe House in London wich is the storage site of the Science Museum and where the microscope No. 5 is conserved. This instrument was given to the Science Museum in 1990 by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, which had received it from its former owner, Dr. B.W. Gonin, who, in turn, had purchased it from Rife himself more than thirty years earlier.


“Can you imagine a motion picture film whose hero is tiny enough to use the head of a pin for a ballroom floor and invite all his neighbors to come for a dance? Can you imagine the film showing that tiny hero being formed within the egg, breaking the shell to escape, living the normal span of life and dying at ripe old age?”

⦁ from a clipping at the Scince Museum Archive in London (“New Apparatuses Unveil Hidden Microbe Universe to Human Eye,” San Diego Union, 1929)


“Rife 3 (microscope) was similar but more complex, to the extent of appearing complex for the sake of complexity.”

⦁ from the Science Museum Collection ("Rife and his microscopes," Brian Bracegirdle, 2003)